In 1799 the German naturalist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach gave the woolly mammoth its first scientific name, Elephas primigenius, placing it in the same genus as the Asian elephant. Cuvier would coin the name Elephas mammonteus a few months later, but it did not replace Blumenbach’s. In 1828, the British naturalist Joshua Brookes used the name Mammuthus borealis for woolly mammoth fossils, thereby coining a new genus name. The woolly mammoth, which lived in Europe and North America and would eventually become extinct during the late Pleistocene / early Holocene is now known by the scientific name Mammuthus primigenius.
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