"Hardy, I do believe they have done it at last… my backbone is shot through."
What had happened was common during the naval melees of the time. Whilst the Victory had been engaged with the French ship Redoutable, a French marksman in the mizzentop (which is a platform at the top of each mast and not to be confused with a crows nest), who would have been no more than 15m away, had taken aim and found his mark. The trajectory of the bullet entered Nelson's left shoulder, passin through his spine at the sixth and seventh thoracic vertebrae and lodging itelf 50mm below his right shoulder blade, in the muscles of his back.
"You can do nothing for me. I have but a short time to live. My back is shot through."
Nelson is made comfortable, fanned. He shortly complained of feeling hot and thirsty and was brought lemonade and watered wine to drink. Over the next hour, he asked several times to see Hardy, who was still on deck supervising the battle. Nelson also asked Beatty to remember him to his daughter Emma and his friends.
At half-past two, Hardy informed Nelson that a number of enemy ships had surrendered. At this point, the chaplain Alexander Scott, the purser Walter Burke, Nelson's steward, Chevalier, and Dr Beatty were with Nelson. Nelson then passed away at four thirty in the afternoon, three hours after he was shot.
These scenes were built by James Pegrum as part of a series of models on British history. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter to see them first.